Getting started with Jenkins for Network Automation

As I have mentioned my previous post about Getting started with Gitlab-CI for Network Automation, Jenkins is another continuous integration pipelining tool you can use for network automation. Have a look about how to install Jenkins: https://wiki.jenkins.io/display/JENKINS/Installing+Jenkins+on+Ubuntu

To use the Jenkins with Vagrant and KVM (libvirt) there are a few changes needed on the linux server similar with the Gitlab-Runner. The Jenkins user account needs to be able to control KVM and you need to install the vagrant-libvirt plugin:

usermod -aG libvirtd jenkins
sudo su jenkins
vagrant plugin install vagrant-libvirt

Optional: you may need to copy custom Vagrant boxes into the users vagrant folder ‘/var/lib/jenkins/.vagrant.d/boxes/*’. Note that the Jenkins home directory is not located under /home.

Now lets start configuring a Jenkins CI-pipeline, click on ‘New item’:

This creates an empty pipeline where you need to add the different stages  of what needs to be executed:

Below is an example Jenkins pipeline script which is very similar to the Gitlab-CI pipeline I have used with my Cumulus Linux Lab in the past.

pipeline {
    agent any
    stages {
        stage('Clean and prep workspace') {
            steps {
                sh 'rm -r *'
                git 'https://github.com/berndonline/cumulus-lab-provision'
                sh 'git clone --origin master https://github.com/berndonline/cumulus-lab-vagrant'
            }
        }
        stage('Validate Ansible') {
            steps {
                sh 'bash ./linter.sh'
            }
        }
        stage('Staging') {
            steps {
                sh 'cd ./cumulus-lab-vagrant/ && ./vagrant_create.sh'
                sh 'cd ./cumulus-lab-vagrant/ && bash ../staging.sh'
            }
        }
        stage('Deploy production approval') {
            steps {
                input 'Deploy to prod?'
            }
        }
        stage('Production') {
            steps {
                sh 'cd ./cumulus-lab-vagrant/ && ./vagrant_create.sh'
                sh 'cd ./cumulus-lab-vagrant/ && bash ../production.sh'
            }
        }
    }
}

Let’s run the build pipeline:

The stages get executed one by one and, as you can see below, the production stage has an manual approval build-in that nothing gets deployed to production without someone to approve before, for a controlled production deployment:

Finished pipeline:

This is just a simple example of a network automation pipeline, this can of course be more complex if needed. It should just help you a bit on how to start using Jenkins for network automation.

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