Cumulus Networks NetQ telemetry-based validation system

I had some time to play around with the new NetQ tool from Cumulus which checks your Cumulus Linux switch fabric.

I did some testing with my Cumulus Layer 2 Fabric example: Ansible Playbook for Cumulus Linux (Layer 2 Fabric)

You need to download the NetQ VM from Cumulus as VMware or VirtualBox template: here

It is a great tool to centrally check your Cumulus switches and keep history about changes in your environment. NetQ can send out notification about changes in your fabric which is nice because you are always up-to-date what is going on in your network.

Installing NetQ agent on a Cumulus Linux Switch:

[email protected]:~$ sudo apt-get update
[email protected]:~$ sudo apt-get install cumulus-netq -y

Configuring the NetQ Agent on a switch:

[email protected]:~$ sudo systemctl restart rsyslog
[email protected]:~$ netq add server 192.168.100.133
[email protected]:~$ netq agent restart

I will write a small Ansible script in the next days to automate the agent installation and configuration.

Connect to Cumulus NetQ VM and check agent connectivity

[email protected]:~$ netq-shell

Welcome to Cumulus (R) NetQ Command Line Interface
TIP: Type `netq help` to get started.

[email protected]:/$ netq show agents
Node     Status    Sys Uptime    Agent Uptime
-------  --------  ------------  --------------
leaf-1   Fresh     1h ago        1h ago
leaf-2   Fresh     1h ago        1h ago
spine-1  Fresh     1h ago        1h ago
spine-2  Fresh     1h ago        1h ago
[email protected]:/$

Basic Show Commands:

[email protected]:/$ netq show clag
Matching CLAG session records are:
Node             Peer             SysMac            State Backup #Links #Dual Last Changed
---------------- ---------------- ----------------- ----- ------ ------ ----- --------------
leaf-1           leaf-2(P)        44:38:39:ff:40:93 up    up     1      1     8m ago
leaf-2(P)        leaf-1           44:38:39:ff:40:93 up    up     1      1     8m ago
spine-1(P)       spine-2          44:38:39:ff:40:94 up    up     1      1     8m ago
spine-2          spine-1(P)       44:38:39:ff:40:94 up    up     1      1     9m ago
[email protected]:/$
 
[email protected]:/$ netq show lldp
LLDP peer info for *:*
Node     Interface    LLDP Peer    Peer Int    Last Changed
-------  -----------  -----------  ----------  --------------
leaf-1   eth0         cumulus      eth0        1h ago
leaf-1   eth0         leaf-2       eth0        1h ago
leaf-1   eth0         spine-1      eth0        1h ago
leaf-1   eth0         spine-2      eth0        1h ago
leaf-1   swp1         spine-1      swp1        1h ago
leaf-1   swp11        leaf-2       swp11       9m ago
leaf-1   swp2         spine-2      swp1        1h ago
leaf-2   eth0         cumulus      eth0        1h ago
leaf-2   eth0         leaf-1       eth0        1h ago
leaf-2   eth0         spine-1      eth0        1h ago
leaf-2   eth0         spine-2      eth0        1h ago
leaf-2   swp1         spine-2      swp2        1h ago
leaf-2   swp11        leaf-1       swp11       8m ago
leaf-2   swp2         spine-1      swp2        1h ago
spine-1  eth0         cumulus      eth0        1h ago
spine-1  eth0         leaf-1       eth0        1h ago
spine-1  eth0         leaf-2       eth0        1h ago
spine-1  eth0         spine-2      eth0        1h ago
spine-1  swp1         leaf-1       swp1        1h ago
spine-1  swp11        spine-2      swp11       1h ago
spine-1  swp2         leaf-2       swp2        8m ago
spine-2  eth0         cumulus      eth0        1h ago
spine-2  eth0         leaf-1       eth0        1h ago
spine-2  eth0         leaf-2       eth0        1h ago
spine-2  eth0         spine-1      eth0        1h ago
spine-2  swp1         leaf-1       swp2        1h ago
spine-2  swp11        spine-1      swp11       1h ago
spine-2  swp2         leaf-2       swp1        8m ago
[email protected]:/$
 
[email protected]:/$ netq show interfaces type bond
Matching interface records are:
Node             Interface        Type     State Details                     Last Changed
---------------- ---------------- -------- ----- --------------------------- --------------
leaf-1           bond1            bond     up    Slave: swp1(spine-1:swp1),  10m ago
                                                 Slave: swp2(spine-2:swp1),
                                                 VLANs:  100-199, PVID: 1,
                                                 Master: bridge, MTU: 1500
leaf-1           peerlink         bond     up    Slave: swp11(leaf-2:swp11), 10m ago
                                                 VLANs: , PVID: 0,
                                                 Master: peerlink, MTU: 1500
leaf-2           bond1            bond     up    Slave: swp1(spine-2:swp2),  10m ago
                                                 Slave: swp2(spine-1:swp2),
                                                 VLANs:  100-199, PVID: 1,
                                                 Master: bridge, MTU: 1500
leaf-2           peerlink         bond     up    Slave: swp11(leaf-1:swp11), 10m ago
                                                 VLANs: , PVID: 0,
                                                 Master: peerlink, MTU: 1500
spine-1          bond1            bond     up    Slave: swp1(leaf-1:swp1),   10m ago
                                                 Slave: swp2(leaf-2:swp2),
                                                 VLANs:  100-199, PVID: 1,
                                                 Master: bridge, MTU: 1500
spine-1          peerlink         bond     up    Slave: swp11(spine-2:swp11) 1h ago
                                                 , VLANs:  100-199,
                                                 PVID: 1, Master: bridge,
                                                 MTU: 1500
spine-2          bond1            bond     up    Slave: swp1(leaf-1:swp2),   10m ago
                                                 Slave: swp2(leaf-2:swp1),
                                                 VLANs:  100-199, PVID: 1,
                                                 Master: bridge, MTU: 1500
spine-2          peerlink         bond     up    Slave: swp11(spine-1:swp11) 1h ago
                                                 , VLANs:  100-199,
                                                 PVID: 1, Master: bridge,
                                                 MTU: 1500
[email protected]:/$
 
[email protected]:/$ netq show ip routes
Matching IP route records are:
Origin Table            IP               Node             Nexthops                   Last Changed
------ ---------------- ---------------- ---------------- -------------------------- ----------------
1      default          169.254.1.0/30   leaf-1           peerlink.4093              11m ago
1      default          169.254.1.0/30   leaf-2           peerlink.4093              11m ago
1      default          169.254.1.0/30   spine-1          peerlink.4094              1h ago
1      default          169.254.1.0/30   spine-2          peerlink.4094              1h ago
1      default          169.254.1.1/32   leaf-1           peerlink.4093              11m ago
1      default          169.254.1.1/32   spine-1          peerlink.4094              1h ago
1      default          169.254.1.2/32   leaf-2           peerlink.4093              11m ago
1      default          169.254.1.2/32   spine-2          peerlink.4094              1h ago
1      default          192.168.100.0/24 leaf-1           eth0                       1h ago
1      default          192.168.100.0/24 leaf-2           eth0                       1h ago
1      default          192.168.100.0/24 spine-1          eth0                       1h ago
1      default          192.168.100.0/24 spine-2          eth0                       1h ago
1      default          192.168.100.205/ spine-1          eth0                       1h ago
                        32
1      default          192.168.100.206/ spine-2          eth0                       1h ago
                        32
1      default          192.168.100.207/ leaf-1           eth0                       1h ago
                        32
1      default          192.168.100.208/ leaf-2           eth0                       1h ago
                        32
0      vrf-prod         0.0.0.0/0        spine-1          Blackhole                  1h ago
0      vrf-prod         0.0.0.0/0        spine-2          Blackhole                  1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.0.0/24      spine-1          bridge.100                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.0.0/24      spine-2          bridge.100                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.0.252/32    spine-1          bridge.100                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.0.253/32    spine-2          bridge.100                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.0.254/32    spine-1          bridge.100                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.0.254/32    spine-2          bridge.100                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.1.0/24      spine-1          bridge.101                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.1.0/24      spine-2          bridge.101                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.1.252/32    spine-1          bridge.101                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.1.253/32    spine-2          bridge.101                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.1.254/32    spine-1          bridge.101                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.1.254/32    spine-2          bridge.101                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.2.0/24      spine-1          bridge.102                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.2.0/24      spine-2          bridge.102                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.2.252/32    spine-1          bridge.102                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.2.253/32    spine-2          bridge.102                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.2.254/32    spine-1          bridge.102                 1h ago
1      vrf-prod         10.1.2.254/32    spine-2          bridge.102                 1h ago
[email protected]:/$

See Changes in Switch Fabric:

[email protected]:/$ netq leaf-1 show interfaces type bond
Matching interface records are:
Node             Interface        Type     State Details                     Last Changed
---------------- ---------------- -------- ----- --------------------------- --------------
leaf-1           bond1            bond     up    Slave: swp1(spine-1:swp1),  2s ago
                                                 Slave: swp2(spine-2:swp1),
                                                 VLANs:  100-199, PVID: 1,
                                                 Master: bridge, MTU: 1500
leaf-1           peerlink         bond     up    Slave: swp11(leaf-2:swp11), 21m ago
                                                 VLANs: , PVID: 0,
                                                 Master: peerlink, MTU: 1500
[email protected]:/$
 
[email protected]:~$ sudo ifdown bond1
[email protected]:~$
 
[email protected]:/$ netq leaf-1 show interfaces type bond
Matching interface records are:
Node             Interface        Type     State Details                     Last Changed
---------------- ---------------- -------- ----- --------------------------- --------------
leaf-1           peerlink         bond     up    Slave: swp11(leaf-2:swp11), 22m ago
                                                 VLANs: , PVID: 0,
                                                 Master: peerlink, MTU: 1500
[email protected]:/$
 
[email protected]:/$ netq leaf-1 show interfaces type bond changes
Matching interface records are:
Node             Interface        Type     State Details                     DbState Last Changed
---------------- ---------------- -------- ----- --------------------------- ------- --------------
leaf-1           bond1            bond     down  VLANs: , PVID: 0,           Del     21s ago
                                                 Master: bridge, MTU: 1500
leaf-1           bond1            bond     down  Slave: swp1(),              Add     21s ago
                                                 Slave: swp2(),
                                                 VLANs:  100-199, PVID: 1,
                                                 Master: bridge, MTU: 1500
leaf-1           bond1            bond     up    Slave: swp1(spine-1:swp1),  Add     1m ago
                                                 Slave: swp2(spine-2:swp1),
                                                 VLANs:  100-199, PVID: 1,
                                                 Master: bridge, MTU: 1500 

More information you can find in the Cumulus NetQ documentation: https://docs.cumulusnetworks.com/display/NETQ/NetQ

Cisco Catalyst SPAN and Remote SPAN Configuration

To analyze network traffic passing through ports or VLANs you can configure SPAN or remote SPAN to mirror the traffic to another port on the switch or on another switch that has been connected to a network analyzer. The network analyzer can be Wireshark or Riverbed Cascade Pilot what capture or analyze the traffic. Cascade Pilot is here quite interesting because you can filter the traffic before and then send it to Wireshark for a deep analysis.

Back to the configuration, SPAN mirrors traffic received or sent (or both) on source ports or source VLANs to a destination port for analysis. The SPAN session does not affect the switching of network traffic on the source. Except for traffic on the destination, ports do not receive or forward traffic there are shown as monitoring interfaces.

 

Configure local SPAN session:

Define the source interface which traffic you want to mirror

monitor session 1 source interface GigabitEthernet 0/41

or VLAN as source

monitor session 1 source vlan 500

Define the destination interface

monitor session 1 destination interface GigabitEthernet 0/10

 

Configure remote SPAN session (1st switch):

At first create an remote SPAN VLAN

vlan 2010
  name RSPAN_VLAN
  remote-span
  exit

Then like the local SPAN session define the source

monitor session 1 source interface gi 0/47

or VLAN

monitor session 1 source vlan 500

At the end of the configuration of the 1st switch you configure the remote SPAN VLAN as destination

monitor session 1 destination remote vlan 2010

 

Configure remote SPAN session (2nd switch):

Like on the other switch you need to create at first an remote SPAN VLAN

vlan 2010
  name RSPAN_VLAN
  remote-span
  exit

Then as source you configure the RSPAN VLAN

monitor session 1 source remote vlan 2010

In the end the destination interface

monitor session 1 destination interface gi 0/18

Important is to verify that the RSPAN VLAN is allowed between these two switches on thier Trunk Interfaces!

 

With the following command you can verify the monitoring session you configured

show monitor session 1